aLife Singapore | Recent Birth Control Methods
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07 Apr Recent Birth Control Methods

Vagina Ring

Vaginal ring is a new birth control method for women. It is a small flexible contraceptive ring, containing the same hormones as birth control pills. It is inserted manually into the vagina, where it is left for three weeks. A continuous, low dose of hormones is released and ovulation is suppressed. The ring is then removed after the 3rd week and menstruation will resume.

When used correctly, it is 98%-99% effective in preventing pregnancy.

The most common side effects are:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal infections
  • Headache
  • Weight gain
  • Nausea
  • Breast tenderness

As the ring contains hormones, they should not be used in women

  • with blood clots, history of heart attack, or stroke
  • over 35 who smoke cigarettes
  • with breast cancer
  • who are pregnant or think they might be pregnant

Birth Control Patch

The Birth Control Patch is a tiny skin patch with the same hormones as in contraceptive pills. Women can wear this patch on the buttocks and tummy or part of the upper arm. It should not be placed on skin that is red, irritated, or cut, or skin where makeup, creams, or powders are applied.

It works like oral contraceptive pills by delivering continuous amount of hormones through the skin into the body thus suppressing the ovulation. A patch is worn for one week and then replaced on the same day of the week for three consecutive weeks. The fourth week is a “patch-free week”. This is when the period resumes.

The contraceptive patch is 99% effective when used correctly.

The side effects are similar to contraceptive pills namely:

  • Breast tenderness
  • Headache
  • Rash or redness at the site of the patch
  • Nausea
  • Menstrual cramps

The contraindications are the same as the vaginal ring.

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